Qualities of a Good Dairy Cow

Cow-&-PartsHEAD – feminine, medium length, broad muzzle, strong jaw, open nostrils, bright eyes.

NECK – long and lean.

FORELEGS – straight, long, strong, wide apart, squarely set.

 

CHEST – well sprung, long fore ribs, wide chest floor.

LOIN – strong, wide and nearly level.

RIBS – wide, flat, long, well sprung.

FLANKS – refined, arched and deep.

 

FORE UDDER – strong attachment, moderate length, pliable and elastic.

REAR UDDER – moderate depth, symmetrical with high and wide rear attachment.

TEATS – plumb, squarely placed, well apart, of convenient form, length and size.

 

HIPS – wide apart and level with back.

THURLS – wide apart, close to center between hip pin bone.

PINS – wide apart, well defined, slightly lower than hips.

TAILHEAD – set neatly above and between pin bones.

 

HOCKS – cleanly molded, well defined tendons, large, flat, flinty bone.

PASTERNS – strong, springy and large with medium length.

FEET – short, well rounded, even and uniform with deep heel and level sole.

 

aAa® and Weeks® Numbers and Useful Purpose

cow-silhouettes-2

aAa® and Weeks®

 Analysis Numbers Enhance These Qualities:

1 DAIRY 2 TALL 3 OPEN 4 STRONG 5 SMOOTH 6 STYLE
HEAD refined long —— large wide fancy
NECK long lean —— —— —— blended
FORELEGS even long —— large sturdy ——
CHEST —— —— —— deep wide ——
LOIN dairy high firm level broad arched
RIBS long —— open —— sprung ——
FLANKS refined arched down —— deep ——
F. UDDER —— elastic firm healthy smooth ——
R. UDDER full high roomy —— wide ——
TEATS —— ample —— plumb short ——
HIPS broad high out —— —— ——
THURLS —— —— wide —— —— central
PINS sharp —— open —— wide level
TAILHEAD refined neat flat —— —— level
HOCKS refined —— open healthy wide neat
PASTERNS —— erect —— healthy springy large
FEET —— —— deep short even round

aAa® and Weeks®

 Analysis Numbers Help Prevent These Problems:

1 DAIRY 2 TALL 3 OPEN 4 STRONG 5 SMOOTH 6 STYLE
HEAD bully short —— small narrow plain
NECK short thick —— —— —— u-neck
FORELEGS buckled short —— small spindle ——
CHEST —— —— —— shallow narrow ——
LOIN saddle low easy roached narrow flat
RIBS shallow —— tight —— slabby ——
FLANKS heavy flat tucked —— shallow ——
F. UDDER —— meaty spread swollen short ——
R. UDDER forward low pinched —— narrow ——
TEATS —— short —— pointed long ——
HIPS close low tight —— —— ——
THURLS —— —— narrow —— —— square
PINS patchy —— close —— narrow droopy
TAILHEAD forward cocky high —— —— flat
HOCKS heavy —— close sick narrow  open
PASTERNS  ——  down  —— swollen  stiff  small
FEET  ——  ——  shallow pointed uneven spread